Rare Mexican Peppers
By Jim (Habanero) Duffy
These chile peppers are the more rare hard to find Mexican peppers. Some are becoming endangered
as farmers are switching to other crops that giver higher yields or demand better pricing. It is
our hope that we can get these more recognized by more people growing them so we do not lose them.
This is a variety from Oaxaca, Mexico. There are two other varieties in that region that have a similar name.
The Chilhuacle Negro (Brown) and the Chilhuacle Rojo (Red). These three peppers make up the heart and soul of
Oaxacan cooking especially when making Mole dishes. The Chilhuacle chiles should be roasted and peeled first as
the outer skin can be a little tough. The Chilhuacle Amarillo has a very sweet citrus like flavor with smoky
undertones. The fruit grows about an inch in diameter and 6 inches long. It ripens from green to orange yellow.
The heat level is close to a Jalapeno. They are good for stuffing but roast and peel first. Also make a fantastic
pepper powder! The Chilhuacle Amarillo chile plants grow up to 4 feet tall.
This is a rare variety from Oaxaca, Mexico. There are two other varieties in that region that have a similar
name. The Chilhuacle Amarillo (Golden Orange) and the Chilhuacle Rojo (Red). These three peppers make up the
heart and soul of Oaxacan cooking especially when making Mole dishes. The Chilhuacle chiles should be roasted
and peeled first as the outer skin can be a little tough. The Chilhuacle Negro has a very sweet and smoky flavor.
The fruit grows about 2 inches in diameter and has a small apple like shape. It ripens from green to Chocolate
Brown. The heat level is close to a Jalapeno. They are good for stuffing or drying into powders. The Chilhuacle
Negro chile plants grow up to 3 feet tall.
Chile de Cambray
The Chile de Cambray is a rare endangered Chile de Arbol type from San Luis Potosi, Mexico. It is becoming endangered
because many farmers in this area are switching over to chiles like Guajillo that give them more money. The Chile de
Cambray has the heat level of an Arbol but a little more sweetness. The fruits are about a 1/4 inch wide and get about
3 inches long. Like other de Arbols they are used in sauces or dried for powders to season meats and seafood. The Chile
de Cambray is very productive. The Chile de Cambray chile plants grow over 4 feet tall.
The chile Comapeno is a rare wild chile found at 4,000 feet above sea level in the tropical mountains
of Veracruz, Mexico. These mountains are close to the famous volcano "Pico de Orizaba". Just a few hours
drive from Mexico City you can find these growing amongst the Coffee plants. The natives call this environment
"The Cloud Forest". It is here that they harvest the Chile Comapeno and sun dry it to use in native cuisine
and sell at the local markets. This Chile is so rare that it is called one of Mexico's best kept secrets!
The Comapeno has earthy and nutty flavors and some say has a slight coffee taste. The Coffee taste may come
from it's close proximity to Coffee plants. The heat level is below the heat level of a Tepin chile. The Chile
Comapeno peppers are small pendant pods that are about 3/8 inch in length. They look just like other Bird type
peppers except they are pendant instead of pointing up. The Chile Comapeno Chile plants like Tepins can grow
into a large bush between 3-4 feet tall. Like other wild peppers germination rate is lower than average peppers.
Chile de Agua
This a delicious pepper found in the markets of Oaxaca, Mexico. It is becoming more rare because farmers are switching over to
more common Guajillo pepper types that bring them more money. This pepper when roasted has an almost butter flavor with an above
average Jalapeno heat level. The Chile de Agua peppers are used in mole sauces, salsas and dried into seasoning powders. The local
Oaxacan people also stuff it with a pork hash. Another local recipe is they cut it into strips, then saute with onions and epazote
in oil. After that they finish the dish by adding some milk and cheese and serve with warm fresh tortillas. The Chile de Agua peppers
grow from 3-5 inches long and taper to a point at the end. They ripen from green to red. The Chile de Agua chile plants grow 2-3 feet tall.
At Refining Fire Chiles we isolate our seed production plants to avoid
cross-pollination with other chile species. If you want to try it yourself contact us for seeds, plants (March-August) and fresh chiles (September).
We also grow the Trinidad 7 Pot, Trinidad Scorpion, Naga Morich, Chocolate Habanero and many other Hot Chile Pepper plant